Skin is the largest organ on our body. It comprises three layers: the epidermis (outermost layer), the dermis (middle layer), and the hypodermis (subcutaneous fat). The dermis contains collagen, elastin, and other fibers that support the skin’s structure. It gives the elasticity and smoothness of your face. This is also the layer which are damaged by UV radiation (UVR). Now you understand why people around you has been telling you to wear your sunscreen before you step out of your house.
UVR is made up of two different types of waves – UVA and UVB. When your skin is exposed to UVR, the cells in the middle layer (dermis) will produce melanin to the epidermis -> which cause you to be tanned. UVA rays are responsible for penetrating into the dermis layer, damaging the collagen fibers whereas UVB rays (shorter wavelength than UVA rays) contribute to the sun burn. The damage of the collagen fibers will cause and increasingly production of abnormal elastin, result in the production of enzymes called metalloproteinase, leading to the degrading of collagen. Thus, wrinkles will be formed gradually.
You always hear from people that we should consume more antioxidant food. Why is it so? Antioxidants help to neutralize free radicals before they can do any damage to the skin. When you are exposed to UV rays of light, the number of free radicals increases. Thus, making radicals to be more active and do more damage to your skin. (Also known as photo-aging)
The best way to combat photoaging is through prevention.
5. Stop Smoking.
Smoking causes the blood vessels of your skin to constrict. When your blood vessels constrict, this means that there will be lower blood flow and reduces oxygen supply. Remember that your skin needs to be nourished from the oxygen and nutrients carried in the blood. Now do you understand why some facial salons provide oxygen facial? Aside from this, harmful chemicals in cigarettes reduce the strength and elasticity of the skin, causing wrinkles to form.
6. Try not to stretch your skin when applying or removing makeup.
Especially when you want to wipe off the thick makeups from your face to ensure that your face is totally cleanse. Oh wells, I’m guilty of it. We know that without proper cleansing of our face, we can get a lots of skin problem – clogged pores, acnes, blackheads. However, do treat your skin gently.
7. Limit taking refined sugar.
We all know that eating sweet stuff adds the inches to your waistline. But, do you know that eating sweet stuff can also give you wrinkles. If you reduce the sugar intake, you can actually turn back the clock by ten years. Sugar does nothing good and it increases the elastin and collagen in your skin to degenerate. When you take in sugar or high-glycemic food, your body breaks them down into glucose, which increases the insulin levels. When the insulin level increases, there will be a “burst of inflammation throughout the body. During this “burst of inflammation, enzymes produced will break down the collagen and elastin, leading to sagging skins and formation of wrinkles.
8. Avoid sleeping on your side.
When you sleep on your side, you are pressing your face against the pillow. This causes wrinkles on your face. You should sleep on your backs. You can also invest in memory foam pillow which nicely wrap the contours of your face and train your body to stay put.
9. Consume Antioxidant Foods.
Remember just now I was saying that antioxidants help to neutralize free radicals before they can do any damage to the skin. Thus, it is important to take foods that are rich in antioxidants. Whole grains, broccoli, red grapes, berries, tomatoes, carrots, spinach, and garlic are some super food you can eat.
10. Consume Fish Oil.
Try taking fish oil supplements, eating fish rich in omega-3 fatty acis such as salmon, mackerel can prevent wrinkles around the mouth and eyes.